Key Terms

Hands-Only CPR
A potentially lifesaving technique involving no mouth-to-mouth contact that can be administered on top of clothing. The 2010 American Heart Association guidelines for hands-only CPR recommend at least 100 chest compressions per minute for at least two minutes at a depth of at least 2 inches in the center of the victim’s chest.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
An emergency procedure in which the heart and lungs are made to work by manually compressing the chest overlying the heart and providing rescue breaths.

Cardio Cerebral Resuscitation (CCR)
A cutting-edge alternative to CPR that emphasizes continuous chest compressions and eliminates mouth-to-mouth breathing.


Additional Terms

Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS)
A set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest, stroke and other life threatening medical emergencies.

Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
A device that automatically analyzes the heart rhythm and delivers a shock to restore a normal heart rhythm.

Basic Life Support (BLS)
The level of medical care which is used for victims of life-threatening illnesses or injuries until they can be given full medical care at a hospital.

Cardiac Arrest
A condition in which the heart suddenly stops beating. If this happens, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs.

Chest Compressions
A technique of basic life support consisting of rhythmic applications of pressure to the chest, which provides circulation to the heart, lungs, brain and other organs.

CPR Steps
There are two steps to performing hands-only CPR. The first is to call 911. The second is to push hard and fast in the center of the chest. CPR RsQ Assist® makes it easier to perform the life-saving compressions.

First Aid
Emergency care or medical treatment given to an ill or injured person before regular medical aid can be obtained.

Infant CPR
Refers to CPR performed in children ages 12 months and younger. Infant CPR is a combination of rescue breathing to provide oxygen to the infant’s lungs and chest compressions to keep the blood circulating.

Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP)
The program focuses on basic resuscitation skills for newborn infants.

Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS)
Refers to the assessment and support of pulmonary and circulatory function in children before or after cardiac arrest.